Notes on Chapter 2 of Juris’ (2008) Networking Futures
Juris, J.S. 2008. Networking Futures: the Movements against Corporate Globalization. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press.
Chapter 2, Anti-Corporate Globalization Soldiers in Barcelona
62 Anthropologist hangs out in Barcelona bars with Catalan anti-globalisation activists, Sep 2002, 3 months after campaign against World Bank.
63 Transnational networks always tangled within ‘a complex nexus of translocal ties and articulations’ not in global void – Doreen Massey (2004)
63 ‘Networking logics’ in Catalonia product of region’s ‘unique political cultural and history’, not least anti-Francoism and anarchism
64… no accident that Barcelona such hive of anti-globalisation: 65 pre-civil war movs, anti-Franco mov, democratic transition…
68 Influence of Zapatistas, e.g. ‘consulta social’ against foreign debt – ‘unique form of activism guided by emerging networking logics and practices’. Increasingly a convergence of organisation, politics and technology around networks.
69 New political language of networks; activists organising themselves around nodes, adopting Internet terminology. “We took the idea, not of a platform…but rather of a network” [see Riles, The Network Inside Out, and other refs to networks as metaphors for social action on this blog]
70 Internet allowed both for better and faster coordination but also further libertarian/anarchist ideals.
70…. aware of limitations, too, e.g. too much info. Seen as complementing not replacing co-present interactions.
72 Formal institutions within anti-globalisation mov usually have older people with steady jobs and families.
73 Nationalism integral to movement.
79 Network-based movements stress ‘decentralised coordination and flexible, diffuse structures’; network as emergent ideal. 80 Participants younger than those in formal institutions, more time on their hands, less steady employment or students, some living with parents.
81-83 … Catalanist Scouts background + Zapatista influence – undogmatic flexibility struck a chord.
83 Network activists resist permanent coalitions with other sectors of the field [notion of field in Juris in need of unpacking?]
85 Internet is great but excludes or hampers middle-aged activists with families and those in poor countries, favours younger activists with more time, who tend to be more optimistic about new techs.
86 Kropotkin in 1905 argued that in absence of govt, people would organise themselves as “an interwoven network, composed of an infinite variety of groups and federations…” [1905!!!!, I though it was Radcliffe-Brown in 1940 who introduced the network concept!!!]
86 Network as key ideal. Nuria explains: “with the discourse of postmodernity, people are always talking about the “network of networks of networks”, but for me building these networks is actually the world we want to create” [this is pure Anneliese Riles].
88 In sum, Internet techs ‘reinforce traditional anarchist principles’.