Notes on Médiactivistes (Granjon and Cardon 2010)
GRANJON Fabien et CARDON Dominique, Médiactivistes, Presses de Sciences Po, 2010.
Introduction: to understand current forms of media activism must look at history of critiques of mainstream media, from revolutionary media of 1960s and 1970s via Unesco’s new informational world order of 1970s to anti-corporate globalisation movement in 2000s
Chapter 1 De la critique des medias aux medias de la critique
Scholars have approached media activism in two main ways to date; these two approaches are at loggerheads:
1. counter-hegemonists (political economy), e.g. John Downing, to some extent Bourdieu, stress on ownership, information inequality, Western dominance.
2. expressivists (constructivism), Chris Atton, Clemencia Rodriguez, Andrea Langlois, Frederic Dubois; here stress on empowerment; not so much about objectivity but about championing citizens media diversity, broadened representation.
In 2000s, both critiques reactivated by the development of transnational mobilisations, esp. via internet (chapter 5)
To be continued