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Bibliography of digital activism and civic engagement in Indonesia

August 18, 2013

For a greatly updated version, see

Indonesia’s media development has been strongly shaped by the post-1998 democratic transition, a period characterised by freedom of expression and a rapid commercialisation of the media sector (Lim 2011). A recent study found a vibrant social media scene with Facebook and Twitter as the dominant platforms (Indonesia has the world’s second largest number of Facebook users, with over 35 million) as well as extremely affordable mobile phones (Nugroho et al 2012). A survey of 258 activist groups revealed a differentiated use of both old and new digital media. Thus, Facebook was used mostly for promotion, Twitter for recruitment and campaigning, and ‘traditional’ mailing lists for consultation (Nugroho et al 2012).

Bibliography (last updated 17 August 2013)

Agarwal, N., Lim, M., & Wigand, R. (2012) Raising and Rising Voices: Cyber-Collective Movements in the Female Muslim Blogosphere, Business & Information Systems Engineering Journal.

Bräuchler, B. 2005, Cyberidentities at War: Der Molukkenkonflikt im Internet. Bielefeld: transcript: 46-49.

Di Gregorio, M. (2011). Social movement networks, policy processes, and forest tenure activism in Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)).

Gan, S., J. Gomez and J. Uwe (eds). 2004. Asian Cyberactivism: Freedom of Expression and Media Censorship. Bangkok: Friedrich Naumann Foundation.

Kurniawan, N. I., & Rye, S. A. (2013). Online environmental activism and Internet use in the Indonesian environmental movement. Information Development.

Lim, M (2002). “CyberCivic Space in Indonesia: From Panopticon to Pandemonium”. International Development and Planning Review (Third World Planning Review) (Liverpool University Press) 24 (4): 383–400. doi:10.3828/idpr.24.4.3. ISSN 1474-6743.

Lim, M (2003). “From War-net to Net-War: The Internet and Resistance Identities in Indonesia”. The International Information & Library Review (Elsevier Publisher) 35 (2–4): 233–248. doi:10.1016/S1057-2317(03)00019-5. ISSN 1057-2317.

Lim, M (2003). “From Real to Virtual (and back again): Civil Society, Public Sphere, and Internet in Indonesia”. In K. C. Ho, R. Kluver, & C. C. Yang. Asia.Com: Asia Encounters the Internet. Routledge. pp. 113–128. ISBN 0-415-31503-4.

Lim, M (2003). “The Internet, Social Network and Reform in Indonesia”. In N. Couldry and J. Curran. Contesting Media Power: Alternative Media in A Networked World. Rowan & Littlefield. pp. 273–288. ISBN 0-7425-2385-3.

Lim, M (2004). “Informational Terrains of Identity and Political Power: The Internet in Indonesia”. Indonesian Journal of Social and Cultural Anthropology. XXVII (73, January–April edition): 1–11. ISSN 0216-1576.

Lim, M (2004). “The Polarization of Identity through the Internet and the Struggle for Democracy in Indonesia (La polarization de l’identite a travers l’internet et la lutte pour la democratie en indonesie)”. Electronic Journal of Communication/La Revue Electronique de Communication 14 (3–4). ISSN 1183-5656.

Lim, M (2005). Islamic Radicalism and Anti Americanism in Indonesia: The Role of the Internet. Policy Studies Series #18. Washington DC: East West Center. ISBN 978-1-932728-35-4. ISSN 1547-1330.

Lim, M (2006). “Cyber-Urban Activism and Political Change in Indonesia”. Eastbound Journal 2006 (1): 1–19.

Lim, M (2006). “Lost in Transition: The Internet and Reformasi in Indonesia”. In Jodi Dean, Jon Anderson and Geert Lovink. Reformatting Politics: Networked Communications and Global Civil Society. London: Routledge. pp. 85–106.

Lim, M. (2008), “Bundling Meta-Narratives on the Internet: Conflict in Maluku” in Shyam Tekwani (ed.), Media and Conflict in Asia, Marshall Cavendish Academic.

Lim, M. (2009) “Muslim Voices in the Blogosphere: Mosaics of Local-Global Discourses” in Gerard Goggin and Mark McLelland [eds.], Internationalizing Internet: Beyond Anglophone Paradigm, London: Routledge, p. 178-195.

Lim, M. (2011). Democratised/Corporatised: Contesting Media in the Post-Authoritarian Indonesia, in Puddephatt, A. et al., A New Frontier, An Old Landscape, Global Partners & Associates, pp. 156-181.

Lim, M. (2012). Life is Local in the Imagined Global Community: Islam and Politics in the Indonesian Blogosphere, Journal of Media and Religion, Vol. 11(2).

Lim, M. (2013). Many Clicks but Little Sticks: Social Media Activism in Indonesia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, (ahead-of-print), 1-22.

Lim, M. and Kann, M. (2008), “Politics: Deliberation, Mobilization and Networked Practices of Agitation” in K. Varnelis (ed.) Networked Publics, Cambridge: MIT Press, p. 77-107.

Lim, M., Nugroho, Y. 2011 “Introduction to the Special Issue on Social Implications of the ICTs in the Indonesian Context.” Internetworking Indonesia Journal 3, no. 2: 1-3.

Nugroho, Y., Putri, D.A., Laksmi, S., 2012. Mapping the landscape of the media industry in contemporary Indonesia. Jakarta: Centre for Innovation Policy and Governance.

Nugroho, Y., & Syarief, S. S. (2012). Beyond click-activism? New media and political processes in contemporary Indonesia. Jakarta: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

Ramli, R. (2012). Youth Political Participation in Asia: Outlooks in Malaysia and Indonesia. Panorama: Insights into Asian and European Affairs is a series of occasional papers published by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung’s “Regional Programme Political Dialogue Asia/Singapore”.

Thajib, F., & Crosby, A. (2010). Can Open Mean Terbuka? Negotiating Licenses for Indonesian Video Activism.

Weiss, M. L. (2011, September). New media, new activism: Trends and trajectories in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. In Draft of a paper prepared for the workshop: Asia’s Civil Spheres: New Media, Urban Public Space, Social Movements. Singapore: Asia Research Institute.

For a greatly updated version, see

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