Directory of freedom technologists: projects, networks, organisations
Last updated 7 May and 18 August 2015: (a) ‘global’ dropped from remit , (b) first batch of bibliographic references added (further suggestions always very welcome), (c) Ranking Digital Rights added.
This is a working directory of some of the
global more salient projects, networks and organisations where leading freedom technologists congregate and collaborate .
I coined this term to refer to those geeks, hackers, (micro)bloggers, online journalists, digital rights lawyers and other tech-minded political actors who combine technological skills with political acumen to pursue greater digital and democratic freedoms. Indeed, freedom technologists regard the fate of the Internet and of human freedom as being inextricably entwined. Far from being techno-utopian dreamers or deluded ‘slacktivists’ (Morozov, 2012, Skoric, 2012), I argue that most freedom technologists are in fact techno-pragmatists; that is, people who take a very practical view of the limits and possibilities of new technologies for political change (Postill 2014). This live directory is part of current research towards a forthcoming book on freedom technologists and political change around the world.
- The 99%, @AllOccupyNews A place to combine all global Occupy news and updates to keep you informed.
- Access,@ Defending and extending the digital rights of users around the world.
- Actipedia (f. 2013),
@Actipedia An open-access, user-generated database of creative activism.
- Al Jazeera (f. 1996), @ We believe everyone has a story worth hearing. We focus on stories about real people. We tell the human story (Howard and Hussain 2013, Lim 2013).
- All Voices,
@allvoices Where writers connect, share content, gain exposure, and even earn money. Apply to join the platform! San Francisco, California.
@anonops We are fighters for internet freedom.
- Anonymous, @ Signal boost for Anonymous operations, resistance movements, & journalism.
#ShutItDown (Al Hussaini 2011, Beyer 2014a, 2014b, Coleman 2014, Coleman and Ralph 2011, Earl and Beyer 2014).
- Article 19,
@article19org Defending freedom of expression and information.
- Association for Progressive Communications, @APC_News A worldwide network supporting the use of internet and ICTs for social justice and sustainable development.
@Avaaz A global civic movement with over 38 million members spanning every nation — bringing people-powered politics to decision-making everywhere.
- BBC Technology, @BBCTech The official account for the BBC technology news team. London, UK.
- BBC World Service,
@bbcworldservice News, views and highlights from the world’s radio station. London, UK.
- Berkman Center (f. 1998),
@berkmancenter The Berkman Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University – exploring cyberspace, sharing in its study, and helping to pioneer its development. Cambridge, MA.
- Center for Civic Media, MIT, @civicMIT Works hand-in-hand with diverse communities to collaboratively create, design, deploy, and assess civic media tools and practices. Cambridge, MA.
- Chaos Computer Club,
@chaosupdates Der Chaos Computer Club ist eine galaktische Gemeinschaft von Lebewesen für Informationsfreiheit und Technikfolgenabschätzung. Berlin, Germany (Kubitschko 2015).
- Citizen Lab,
@citizenlab Research and development at the intersection of cyberspace, global security, and human rights; at Munk School of Global Affairs, University of Toronto, Canada.
@ctznme As a digital citizen, you have an absolute right to benefit from your data contribution, to determine your online privacy, to control your digital identity. citizenme provides you with the tools to exercise these rights. Cambridge, UK.
- CIVICUS Alliance,
@CIVICUSalliance A global network of civil society organisations and activists working to strengthen citizen action and civil society around the world.
- The Committee to Protect Journalists,
@pressfreedom An independent, nonprofit organization that promotes #PressFreedom worldwide.
- Community Informatics Research Network, http://cirn.wikispaces.com/ An international network of researchers, practitioners and policy makers concerned with enabling communities through the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs).
- Democratic Society,
@demsoc Making democracy work for the twenty-first century. A membership organisation. Engaged, independent and non-partisan.Brighton (UK) and everywhere.
Democracy Now!, @ Independent, Daily Global News Hour Anchored by Amy Goodman & Juan González. New York, NY.
@dw_english Your go-to account for everything DW. Tweeting our news feed + updates from editors and social media curators. Bonn, Germany.
@joindiaspora A decentralized social networking platform built with your privacy in mind.
@DigiDem Working collaboratively to support small-d democracy globally. Our mission: Empower marginalized communities to use technology to defend their rights. NYC / SF / Global.
- Electronic Frontier Foundation, @EFF, the leading nonprofit organization defending civil liberties in the digital world. Founded in 1990, EFF champions user privacy, free expression, and innovation through impact litigation, policy analysis, grassroots activism, and technology development. We work to ensure that rights and freedoms are enhanced and protected as our use of technology grows (Kapor 1991, Postigo 2008).
- Electronic Privacy Information Center (EPIC), @EPICprivacy, is an independent non-profit research center in Washington, DC. Established in 1994, EPIC works to protect privacy, freedom of expression, democratic values, and to promote the Public Voice in decisions concerning the future of the Internet (Chadwick and Collister 2014).
Fight for the Future, @ We believe there’s hardly anything as important as ensuring that our shared future has freedom of expression and creativity at its core. Worcester, MA.
- Forum Demokrasi Digital, http://demokrasidigital.net/ A civil society coalition seeking to advance digital democracy in Indonesia. Launched in Jakarta in 2014 (Yuandra 2015).
Free Culture Forum,
@fcforum_net A meeting point to sit down and put together the answers to the pressing questions behind the present paradigm shift on free culture. Barcelona, Spain (Free Culture Forum 2010, Fuster 2012, Grassmuck 2009, Postill 2014, Rowan 2011).
@FreedomHouseDC An independent watchdog organization dedicated to the expansion of freedom around the world. Washington, DC.
Freedom of the Press,
@FreedomofPress Defending and supporting cutting-edge transparency journalism in the face of adversity. United States.
@FrontlineSMS Engage. Everywhere. We help you connect with communities, reach audiences and do business using SMS. Tweets by the team. London, Nairobi, DC. Online.
Global Development (Guardian), @GdnDevelopment Join the debate about how to solve the world’s biggest problems on the Guardian’s global development site.
Global Information Society Watch, @GISWatch A space for collaborative monitoring of implementation of international (and national) commitments made by governments towards the creation of an inclusive information society.
- Global Integrity,
@GlobalIntegrity Mavericks who provide data and tech that link reformers working on open government, transparency, and accountability. Features news, gossip, and what we do. 120 countries and counting…
- Global Investigative Journalism Network,
@gijn An association of 107 nonprofit organizations in 50 countries dedicated to investigative reporting (Bacon 2011).
- Global Journalist Security, @JournoSecurity Journalist safety & press freedom news from Global Journalist Security, a consulting & training organization for journalists, human rights defenders & NGOs. Washington, DC.
- Global Net Neutrality Coalition, thisisnetneutrality.org The fundamental openness of the Internet must be preserved, and to this end we offer the resources on this site for activists, academics, policy makers and technologists who share our vision (Hart 2011).
- Global Network Initiative,
@theGNI Protecting and Advancing Freedom of Expression and Privacy in Information and Communications Technologies (Maclay 2010, Palfrey 2010).
- Global Rights,
@GlobalRights International #humanrights organization promoting & protecting the rights of people in Africa, Asia & Latin America. Believers in dignity & equality for all.
- Global Uprisings,
@GlobalUprisings An independent news site and video series dedicated to showing responses to the economic crisis and authoritarianism.
- Global Voices, @ Calling attention to the most interesting stories emerging from citizen media around the world (Harlow and Johnson 2011, Hogge 2005, MacKinnon 2005, 2012, McAfee 2005, Norris Martin 2014, Zuckerman 2013).
- Global Voices Advocacy,
@Advox Defending Free Speech Online (MacKinnon 2012, Zuckerman 2013).
@google Google’s mission is to organize the world’s information and make it universally accessible and useful (Handley 2012, Meserve and Pemstein 2012).
- The Guardian,
@guardian The world’s leading liberal voice (Chadwick and Collister 2014, Greenwald 2014, Poitras 2014, von Solms and van Heerden 2015).
- Guardian Tech,
@guardiantech The Guardian’s tech team with news and discussion from the digital worlds of technology, gaming and the web.
- Hack College,
@hackcollege Educating the students of the world about effective, open source software, putting techno-political arguments in everyday language, and creating a cult of “Students 2.0.”
- IFEX (formerly International Freedom of Expression Exchange),
@IFEX The global network defending and promoting free expression.
- Index on Censorship, @ The voice of free expression. London, UK.
- The Intercept
@the_intercept Fearless, adversarial journalism.
- International Center on Nonviolent Conflict, @nvconflict Developing an understanding and encouraging the use of civilian-based, nonviolent action to establish and defend human rights, justice, and democratic self-rule.
- International Consortium of Investigative Journalists,
@ICIJorg Fighting corruption with the world’s best cross-border journalism by over 185 reporters in 65+ countries. Home of #OffshoreLeaks #ChinaLeaks and #LuxLeaks (Bacon 2011).
- International Modern Media Institute (IMMI),
@immimedia Focuses on legislative reform for the 21st century regarding digital privacy, FOI, expression & speech inspired by IMMI.is. Reykjavík, Iceland (Fernández-Delgado and Balanza 2012, Hintz and Milan 2011, Ritchie 2012, Smith 2010).
- Internet Governance Project,
@IGPAlert Founded in 2004, the IGP has grown to be a leading source of analysis of global Internet policy and Internet resource management that is widely read by governments, industry and civil society organizations.
- Internet Interdisciplinary Institute (IN3),
@IN3_UOC A research centre of the Open University of Catalonia (UOC) specializing in the study of the Internet and the effects of the interaction of digital technologies with human activity. Barcelona, Spain.
- Internet Rights and Principles Coalition,
@netrights At the UN IGF, working with others to promote human rights & the Internet for all.
- Internet Society,
@internetsociety Imagine a world where everyone can access and develop a connected, borderless, permission-less, limitless Internet that creates opportunity and progress for all.
@leapcode A non-profit dedicated to giving all internet users access to secure communication. Our focus is on adapting encryption technology to make it easy to use and widely available. State of Washington, US.
@leweb Founded in 2004, LeWeb is a conference for digital innovation where visionaries, startups, tech companies, brands and leading media converge to explore today’s hottest trends and define the future of internet-driven business.
- Liberationtech, Stanford University,
@Liberationtech The Program on Liberation Technology seeks to understand how information technology can be used to improve governance, empower the poor, defend human rights, promote economic development, and pursue a variety of other social goods (Hussain 2014).
- Librarians Without Borders,
@LWB_Online Founded in February 2005 by a group of socially-minded librarians who wanted to address the vast information resource inequity existing between different regions of the world.
- Movements.org, https://www.movements.org/ Crowdsourcing the fight for human rights. It connects human rights activists in closed societies with those with skills to help them around the world.
@NataliaProject Natalia Project is the first alarm system designed to protect human rights defenders at risk. Stockholm, Sweden.
- Netizen Rights, @netizenrights A project tracking human rights related issues in the digital world: access, diversity, free speech, innovation, privacy, security.
- New York Times,
@nytimes Morning daily newspaper published in New York City, long the newspaper of record in the United States and one of the world’s greatest newspapers (Harlow and Johnson 2011).
- Nieman Journalism Lab, Harvard University,
@NiemanLab An attempt to help journalism figure out its future in an Internet age. Cambridge, MA.
- Occupy.net, occupy.net, provides people with software tools that align with the values of the #occupy movement. All of the tools offered here are free/libre/open source: part of the global information commons, maintained by communities, not corporations.
- Open Data Institute, @ We enable anyone to learn and engage with open data, and empower our teams to help others through professional coaching and mentoring. London, UK.
- Open Democracy, @openDemocracy A digital commons that champions human rights, and seeks out and debates forms of democratic change. London, UK.
- Open Gov Partnership,
@opengovpart A new effort to foster greater transparency and accountability, improve governance, and increase civic engagement worldwide. San Francisco, CA, and Washington, DC.
- Open Knowledge,
@OKFN A worldwide non-profit network of people passionate about openness, using advocacy, technology and training to unlock information and enable people to work with it to create and share knowledge. Cambridge, UK.
- Open Media,
@TheOpenMedia Award-winning community-based organization that safeguards the possibilities of the open Internet. We work toward informed and participatory digital policy. Vancouver, BC, Canada.
- Open Net Initiative,
@OpenNet ONI’s aim is to investigate, expose and analyze Internet filtering and surveillance practices in a credible and non-partisan fashion. Cambridge, MA.
- Open Rights Group, @OpenRightsGroup This group exists to preserve and promote your rights in the digital age. We are funded by individuals who care about their digital rights. London, UK.
- Open Society Foundations,
@OpenSociety We work to build vibrant and tolerant democracies whose governments are accountable to their citizens. New York, NY.
- Open Wireless Movement, https://openwireless.org/ We’re working with a coalition of volunteer engineers to build technologies that will let users open their wireless networks without compromising their security or sacrificing bandwidth.
- Oui Share,
@OuiShare Started in January 2012 in Paris, OuiShare is now an international leader in the collaborative economy field. A non-profit organization which has rapidly evolved from a handful of enthusiasts to a global movement in dozens of countries in Europe, Latin America and the Middle East.
- P2P Foundation,
@P2P_Foundation Observing the impact of peer-to-peer technology and thought on society. Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
- Pirate Parties International (PPI), @ is a not for profit international non governmental organisation with its HQ in Brussels, Belgium. Formed in 2010 it serves as a worldwide organisation for Pirate Parties, currently representing members from 41 countries. The Pirate Parties are political incarnations of the freedom of expression movement, trying to achieve their goals by the means of the established political system rather than through activism (Beyer 2014a, 2014b, Beyer and McKelvey 2015, Fredriksson 2015).
- Privacy International,
@privacyint Committed to fighting for the right to #privacy across the world. London, UK.
- The Public Voice,
@thepublicvoice Works to promote public participation in decisions concerning the future of the Internet.
- La Quadrature du Net,
@laquadrature Citizen advocacy group defending fundamental freedoms online. Paris, France.
- Ranking Digital Rights. @rankingrights Ranking ICT sector companies on respect for free expression and privacy
- Reclaim, https://reclaim.cc/reclaim/about-reclaim1
- Reporters Without Borders, @ Fights for press freedom all over the world. Paris, France.
- Research Action Design, http://rad.cat/ Uses community-led research, transformative media organizing, technology development, and collaborative design to build the power of grassroots social movements. Cambridge, MA.
@riseupnet, Provides online communication tools for people and groups working on liberatory social change. We are a project to create democratic alternatives and practice self-determination by controlling our own secure means of communications. Founded in 1999.
- Sunlight Foundation, @SunFoundation A nonpartisan nonprofit that advocates for open government globally and uses technology to make government more accountable to all. Washington, DC.
- Tactical Tech,
@Info_Activism Works with advocates & activists to use information & digital technologies to maximise the impact of their advocacy work. Berlin, Germany.
- Tax Justice Network, @TaxJusticeNet Promotes transparency in international finance and opposes secrecy. London, UK.
- Tech Defenders,
@tech_defenders Initiative by @FrontLineHRD – working with the IT community to increase the digital security of at risk human rights defenders worldwide. Dublin, Ireland.
- Telecommunications Industry Dialogue,
@IndustryDialog A group of companies who jointly address freedom of expression and privacy in the sector.
- Tor Project,
@torproject A network of virtual tunnels that allows people and groups to improve their privacy and security on the Internet. It also enables software developers to create new communication tools with built-in privacy features. Cambridge, MA.
- Transparency International (TI), @ The global coalition fighting against corruption. Berlin, Germany.
- Die Trendblogger,
@DieTrendblogger Berichten aus der ganzen Welt über Medientrends, digitale Neuigkeiten und journalistische Experimente. Berlin, Germany.
- UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC) Coalition,
@uncaccoalition A global network of over 350 civil society organisations (CSOs) in over 100 countries, committed to promoting the ratification, implementation and monitoring of the UN Convention against Corruption (UNCAC).
@ushahidi We help people wield information to make a serious impact through free, open source technologies, cross-sector partnerships, and ground-breaking ventures. Africa (mostly).
- Web Science Trust,
@websciencetrust A charitable body with the aim of supporting the global development of Web Science through a network of world class laboratories known as WSTnet. Southampton, UK.
@webwewant A global movement to defend, claim and change the future of the Web.
@wikileak A not-for-profit media organisation. Our goal is to bring important news and information to the public. We provide an innovative, secure and anonymous way for sources to leak information to our journalists (our electronic drop box). London, UK (Benkler 2011, Beyer 2014a, 2014b, Brooke 2011, Cammaerts 2013, Christensen and Jónsdóttir 2014, Earl and Beyer 2014, Hintz 2013, Hood 2011, Lim 2013, Lynch 2010, Media Roots 2015, Poitras 2014, Postill 2014).
- Wikimedia Foundation,
@Wikimedia A nonprofit charitable organization dedicated to encouraging the growth, development and distribution of free, multilingual, educational content, and to providing the full content of these wiki-based projects to the public free of charge. San Francisco, CA.
@Wikipedia The free encyclopedia that anyone can edit. San Francisco, CA (Konieczny 2014).
- World Wide Web Consortium (W3C),
@w3c Develops interoperable technologies (specifications, guidelines, software, and tools) to lead the Web to its full potential. MIT | ERCIM | Keio | Beihang.
- World Wide Web Foundation,
@webfoundationD Established in 2009 by Web inventor Sir Tim Berners-Lee to tackle the fundamental obstacles to realizing his vision of an open Web available, usable, and valuable for everyone. Cape Town · London · D.C.
 On 7 May 2015 I decided to drop the ‘global’ qualifier so as to include initiatives that may be largely regionally or nationally focused (e.g. Indonesia’s Forum Demokrasi Digital or the US Electronic Frontier Foundation), but still help us to sketch the larger picture of the dynamic space of transnational cultural production and political action that freedom technologists inhabit.
See also Freedom technologists series
Al Hussaini, A. (2011). Tunisia: Anonymous vs. Ammar–who wins the battle of censorship?. Global Voices, 3 January 2011, https://globalvoicesonline.org/2011/01/03/tunisia-anonymous-vs-ammar-who-wins-the-battle-of-censorship/
Bacon, W. (2011). Investigative Journalism in the Academy-Possibilities for Storytelling across Time and Space. Pacific Journalism Review, 17(1), 45.
Beckett, C. (2012). Wikileaks: News in the networked era. Polity.
Benkler, Y. (2011). Free Irresponsible Press: Wikileaks and the Battle over the Soul of the Networked Fourth Estate, A. Harv. CR-CLL Rev., 46, 311.
Beyer, J. L. (2014a). Expect us: online communities and political mobilization. Oxford University Press.
Beyer, J. L. (2014b). The emergence of a freedom of information movement: Anonymous, WikiLeaks, the Pirate party, and Iceland. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, 19(2), 141-154.
Beyer, J. L., & McKelvey, F. (2015). Piracy & Social Change| You Are Not Welcome Among Us: Pirates and the State. International Journal of Communication, 9, 19.
Brevini, B., Hintz, A., & McCurdy, P. (Eds.). (2013). Beyond WikiLeaks: implications for the future of communications, journalism and society. Palgrave Macmillan.
Brooke, H. (2011), The Revolution Will Be Digitised: Dispatches from the Information War, London: William Heinemann.
Cammaerts, B. (2013). Networked Resistance: the case of WikiLeaks. Journal of Computer‐Mediated Communication, 18(4), 420-436.
Chadwick, A. and Collister, S. (2014). Boundary-Drawing Power and the Renewal of Professional News Organizations: The Case of The Guardian and the Edward Snowden NSA Leak. International Journal of Communication, 8, 22.
Christensen, C., & Jónsdóttir, B. (2014). WikiLeaks| WikiLeaks, Transparency and Privacy: A Discussion with Birgitta Jónsdóttir. International Journal of Communication, 8, 9.
Coleman, E.G. (2014). Hacker, Hoaxer, Whistleblower, Spy: The Many Faces of Anonymous. Verso Books.
Coleman, E.G. and Ralph, M. 2011. Is it a Crime? The Transgressive Politics of Hacking in Anonymous, Social Text, 28 September 2011, http://www.socialtextjournal.org/blog/2011/09/is-it-a-crime-the-transgressive-politics-of-hacking-in-anonymous.php
Dafermos, G. and Söderberg, J. 2009. ‘The hacker movement as the continuation of the labour struggle’, Capital & Class. 33 (1), 53-73.
Earl, J., & Beyer, J. L. (2014). The Dynamics of Backlash Online: Anonymous and the Battle for WikiLeaks. In Intersectionality and Social Change (pp. 207-233). Emerald.
Elola, J. (2010, December 3). EE UU ejecuto’ un plan para conseguir una ley antidescargas. El País. http://www.elpais.com/articulo/espana/EE/UU/ejecuto/plan/conseguir/ley/antidescargas/elpepuesp/20101203elpepunac_52/Tes
Fernández-Delgado, F. C., & Balanza, M. T. V. (2012). Beyond WikiLeaks: The Icelandic Modern Media Initiative and the Creation of Free Havens. International Journal of Communication, 6, 24.
Fredriksson, M. (2015). Piracy & Social Change| The Pirate Party and the Politics of Communication. International Journal of Communication, 9, 16.
Free Culture Forum 2010. Charter for Innovation, Creativity and Access to Knowledge, http://fcforum.net/en/charter
Fuster, M. (2012). The Free Culture and 15M Movements in Spain: Composition, Social Networks and Synergies. Social Movement Studies, 11(3-4), 386-392.
Grassmuck, V. (2009). IP4D–Sustainable Production of and Fair Trade in Creative Expressions. http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/fcrw/sites/fcrw/images/Grassmuck_09-10-23_Free-Culture_Berkman_txt.pdf
Greenwald, G. (2014). No place to hide: Edward Snowden, the NSA, and the US surveillance state. Metropolitan Books.
Handley, T. (2012) P2P Search As An Alternative to Google: Recapturing Network Value Through Decentralized Search. Journal of Peer Production.
Harlow, S., & Johnson, T. J. (2011). Overthrowing the Protest Paradigm? How The New York Times, Global Voices and Twitter Covered the Egyptian Revolution. International Journal of Communication, 5, 1359-74.
Hart, J. A. (2011). The net neutrality debate in the United States. Journal of Information Technology & Politics, 8(4), 418-443.
Hintz, A. (2013). Dimensions of Modern Freedom of Expression: WikiLeaks, Policy Hacking, and Digital Freedoms. Beyond WikiLeaks: Implications for the Future of Communications, Journalism and Society,
Hintz, A., & Milan, S. 2011. Exploring information governance activism: Action repertoires, strategies and agendas. http://ecpr.eu/filestore/paperproposal/fe95f474-23ef-4b3d-855a-648832aaf6d9.pdf
Hogge, B. (2005). Global voices: blogging the world. openDemocracy, December, 13, 2005.
Hood, C. (2011). From FOI world to WikiLeaks world: a new chapter in the transparency story?. Governance, 24(4), 635-638.
Howard, P. N., & Hussain, M. M. (2013). Democracy’s fourth wave?: digital media and the Arab Spring. Oxford University Press.
Hussain, M. M. (2014). Securing Technologies of Freedom after the Arab Spring: Policy Entrepreneurship and Norms Consolidation Practices in Internet Freedom Promotion. Doctoral dissertation (Ph.D.), University of Washington. https://dlib.lib.washington.edu/researchworks/handle/1773/26059
Kapor, M. (1991). Civil liberties in cyberspace. Scientific American, 265(3), 158-164.
Konieczny, P. (2014). The day Wikipedia stood still: Wikipedia’s editors’ participation in the 2012 anti-SOPA protests as a case study of online organization empowering international and national political opportunity structures. Current Sociology, 62(7), 994-1016.
Kubitschko, S. (2015) Hackers’ media practices: Demonstrating and articulating expertise as interlocking arrangements. Convergence: The International Journal of Research into New Media Technologies, online first.
Lim, M. (2013) Framing Bouazizi: ‘White lies’, hybrid network, and collective/connective action in the 2010–11 Tunisian uprising. Journalism, 14(7), 921-941.
Lynch, L. (2010). ““We’re Going to Crack the World Open”: Wikileaks and the future of investigative reporting,” Journalism Practice, 4(3): 309-318.
MacKinnon, R. (2005, January). Blogging, journalism, and credibility: Battleground and common ground. In Report from a conference held January (pp. 21-22).
MacKinnon, R. (2012). Consent of the networked: the world-wide struggle for Internet freedom. Basic Books.
Maclay, C. M. (2010). 6 Protecting Privacy and Expression Online Can the Global Network Initiative Embrace the Character of the Net?. Access controlled: The shaping of power, rights, and rule in cyberspace, 87-108.
McAfee, N. (2005). Insights for the Future of Public Media: A Report on the Global Voices Summit. Center for Social Media.
Media Roots 2015. Chelsea Manning & the Military Entertainment Industrial Complex, 10 May 2015. http://mediaroots.org/trial-of-chelsea-manning-military-entertainment-complex-with-alexa-obrien/
Meserve, S. A., & Pemstein, D. (2012). Google politics: the political determinants of internet censorship.
Morozov, E. (2012), The Net Delusion: The Dark Side of Internet Freedom, New York: Public Affairs.
Norris Martin, K. (2014). Review of Rewire: digital cosmopolitans in the age of connection Reissued in 2014 as: Digital cosmopolitans: why we think the Internet connects us, why it doesn’t, and how to rewire it. Consumption Markets & Culture, (ahead-of-print), 1-4.
Palfrey, J. (2010). Four phases of internet regulation. Social Research, 981-996.
Poitras, L. (2014). Citizenfour. Praxis Films. https://citizenfourfilm.com.
Postigo, H. (2008). Capturing fair use for the YouTube generation: The digital rights movement, the Electronic Frontier Foundation and the user-centered framing of fair use. Information, communication & society, 11(7), 1008-1027.
Postill, J. (2014) Freedom technologists and the new protest movements: a theory of protest formulas, Convergence 20 (3), pp. 402-418.
Ritchie, W. (2012). Why Immi Matters: The First Glass Fortress in the Age of Wikileaks. Suffolk Transnat’l L. Rev., 35, 451.
Rowan, J. (2011). Free Culture Forum and new models for a sustainable creativity. In OKCon. http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-739/paper_24.pdf
Smith, R. C. (2010). Reflections on the Icelandic Modern Media Initiative: A Template for Modern Media Law Reform?. Journal of Media Law, 2(2), 199-211.
Skoric, M.A. (2012). What Is Slack about Slacktivism? Inter-Asia Roundtable 2012. Asian Research Institute, National University of Singapore. 30-31 August 2012. http://neteffect.foreignpolicy.com/posts/2009/05/19/the_brave_new_world_of_slacktivism
von Solms, S., & van Heerden, R. (2015, February). The Consequences of Edward Snowden NSA Related Information Disclosures. In Iccws 2015-The Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Cyber Warfare and Security (p. 358). Academic Conferences Limited.
Yuandra (2015). Talking about Open Data in Digital Democracy Meetup Indonesia, School of Data, January 19, 2015, http://schoolofdata.org/2015/01/19/talking-about-open-data-in-digital-democracy-meetup-indonesia/#sthash.yBs6p1Ui.dpuf
Zuckerman, E. (2013). Rewire: Digital cosmopolitans in the age of connection. WW Norton & Company.
See also the following related directories
Global movement for Internet freedom and digital rights (by Rebecca MacKinnon): http://consentofthenetworked.com/get-involved/
Transparency advocates from all around the world (by Sunlight Foundation): http://sunlightfoundation.com/blog/2013/05/29/transparency-advocates-from-all-around-the-world/ European
Digital Rights (EDRi) country members: http://edri.org/about
About the author
Dr John Postill is Vice-Chancellor’s Senior Research Fellow at RMIT University, Melbourne, and Digital Anthropology Fellow at University College London (UCL). His publications include Localizing the Internet (2011), Media and Nation Building (2006) and the co-edited volume Theorising Media and Practice (2010, with Birgit Bräuchler). Currently he is conducting anthropological research on new forms of digital activism and civic engagement in Indonesia, Spain and globally. He is also writing a book on the connection between techno-politics and new citizen movements around the world, as well as the co-edited volume Theorising Media and Change (with Elisenda Ardèvol and Sirpa Tenhunen).