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Bibliography of digital activism and civic engagement in Indonesia

Indonesia’s media development has been strongly shaped by the post-1998 democratic transition, a period characterised by freedom of expression and a rapid commercialisation of the media sector (Lim 2011). A recent study found a vibrant social media scene with Facebook and Twitter as the dominant platforms (Indonesia has the world’s second largest number of Facebook users, with over 35 million) as well as extremely affordable mobile phones (Nugroho et al 2012). A survey of 258 activist groups revealed a differentiated use of both old and new digital media. Thus, Facebook was used mostly for promotion, Twitter for recruitment and campaigning, and ‘traditional’ mailing lists for consultation (Nugroho et al 2012).

Bibliography (last updated 3 Nov 2013 with Rinaldo, 5 Nov 2013 with Crosby 2011)

Agarwal, N., Lim, M., & Wigand, R. (2012) Raising and Rising Voices: Cyber-Collective Movements in the Female Muslim Blogosphere, Business & Information Systems Engineering Journal.

Allen, P. (2007). Challenging Diversity?: Indonesia’s Anti-Pornography Bill. Asian Studies Review, 31(2), 101-115.

Allen, P. M. (2009). Women, Gendered Activism and Indonesia’s Anti-Pornography Bill. Intersections: gender and sexuality in Asia and the Pacific, 19 (February 2009).

Bräuchler, B. (2004). Islamic radicalism online: the Moluccan mission of the Laskar Jihad in cyberspace. The Australian journal of anthropology, 15(3), 267-285.

Bräuchler, B. 2005, Cyberidentities at War: Der Molukkenkonflikt im Internet. Bielefeld: transcript: 46-49.

Cloud, D. L. (2001). Doing Away with Suharto—and the Twin Myths of Globalization and New Social Movements.”. Counterpublics and the State, 235-64.

Crosby, A.L. 2011, ‘A Chronicle of Video Activism and Online Distribution in Post-New Order Indonesia’ in Geert Lovink and Rachel Somers Miles (eds), Video Vortex Reader II: moving images beyond YouTube, Institute of Network Cultures, Amsterdam, pp. 178-193.

Crosby, A., & Ferdiansyah, T. (2010). Can Open Mean Terbuka? Negotiating Licenses for Indonesian Video Activism.

Di Gregorio, M. (2011). Social movement networks, policy processes, and forest tenure activism in Indonesia (Doctoral dissertation, London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE)).

Farsangi, H. M. (2010). Active Netizens on Facebook: Case study of Indonesians’ online participation regarding the 2009 presidential election.

Fitri, N. (2011). Democracy Discourses through the Internet Communication: Understanding the Hacktivism for the Global Changing. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies.

Gan, S., J. Gomez and J. Uwe (eds). 2004. Asian Cyberactivism: Freedom of Expression and Media Censorship. Bangkok: Friedrich Naumann Foundation.

Gazali, E., Hidayat, D. N., & Menayang, V. (2009). Political Communication in Indonesia. Political Communication in Asia, 112.

Hadiz, V. (2003). Reorganizing political power in Indonesia: A reconsideration of so-called ‘democratic transitions’. The Pacific Review, 16(4), 591-611.

Hefner, Robert W.  1999. “Civic Pluralism Denied? The New Media and Jihadi Violence in Indonesia,” in Dale F. Eickelman and Jon W. Anderson (eds) New Media in the Muslim world: The Emerging Public Sphere. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Heryanto, A. (2010). Entertainment, domestication and dispersal: street politics as popular culture. eds) Edward Aspinall and Marcus Mietzner. Problems of democratisation in Indonesia: elections, institutions and society. Singapore: ISEAS Publishing, 181-198.

Heryanto, A., & Adi, S. Y. (2001). The industrialization of the media in democratizing Indonesia. Contemporary Southeast Asia, 327-355.

Heryanto, A., & Adi, S. Y. (2002). Industrialized media in democratizing Indonesia. Media Fortunes, Changing Times–ASEAN States in Transition, Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 47-82.

Hill, D. T. (2002). East Timor and the Internet: Global political leverage in/on Indonesia. Indonesia, (73), 25-51.

Hill, D. (2003). Communication for a new democracy: Indonesia’s first online elections. The Pacific Review, 16(4), 525-547.

Hill, D. T., & Sen, K. (1997). Wiring the warung to global gateways: the Internet in Indonesia. Indonesia, (63), 67-89.

Hill, D. T., & Sen, K. (2000). The Internet in Indonesia’s new democracy. Democratization, 7(1), 119-136.

Hill, D. T., & Sen, K. (2002). Netizens in combat: Conflict on the Internet in Indonesia. Asian studies review, 26(2), 165-188.

Hill, D. T., & Sen, K. (2004). The Internet in Indonesia’s new democracy. Routledge.

Hui, J. Y. (2010). The Internet in Indonesia: Development and impact of radical websites. Studies in Conflict & Terrorism, 33(2), 171-191.

Jurriens, E. 2011 “Radio active”: the creation of media-literate audiences in post-Soeharto Indonesia’. 2011. In: Krishna Sen and David T. Hill (eds), Politics and the media in twenty-first century Indonesia: decade of democracy. London and New York: Routledge, pp. 141-158.

Kloet, J. (2002). Digitisation and its Asian discontents: the Internet, politics and hacking in China and Indonesia. First Monday, 7(9).

Kurniawan, N. I., & Rye, S. A. (2013). Online environmental activism and Internet use in the Indonesian environmental movement. Information Development.

Lai, C. H. (2011). A multifaceted perspective on blogs and society: Examples of blogospheres in Southeast and East Asia. THE JOURNAL OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNICATION, 17(1), 51-72.

Lim, M (2002). “CyberCivic Space in Indonesia: From Panopticon to Pandemonium”. International Development and Planning Review (Third World Planning Review) (Liverpool University Press) 24 (4): 383–400. doi:10.3828/idpr.24.4.3. ISSN 1474-6743.

Lim, M (2003). “From War-net to Net-War: The Internet and Resistance Identities in Indonesia”. The International Information & Library Review (Elsevier Publisher) 35 (2–4): 233–248. doi:10.1016/S1057-2317(03)00019-5. ISSN 1057-2317.

Lim, M (2003). “From Real to Virtual (and back again): Civil Society, Public Sphere, and Internet in Indonesia”. In K. C. Ho, R. Kluver, & C. C. Yang. Asia.Com: Asia Encounters the Internet. Routledge. pp. 113–128. ISBN 0-415-31503-4.

Lim, M (2003). “The Internet, Social Network and Reform in Indonesia”. In N. Couldry and J. Curran. Contesting Media Power: Alternative Media in A Networked World. Rowan & Littlefield. pp. 273–288. ISBN 0-7425-2385-3.

Lim, M (2004). “Informational Terrains of Identity and Political Power: The Internet in Indonesia”. Indonesian Journal of Social and Cultural Anthropology. XXVII (73, January–April edition): 1–11. ISSN 0216-1576.

Lim, M (2004). “The Polarization of Identity through the Internet and the Struggle for Democracy in Indonesia (La polarization de l’identite a travers l’internet et la lutte pour la democratie en indonesie)”. Electronic Journal of Communication/La Revue Electronique de Communication 14 (3–4). ISSN 1183-5656.

Lim, M. (2005). Archipelago online: the Internet and political activism in Indonesia. University of Twente.

Lim, M (2005). Islamic Radicalism and Anti Americanism in Indonesia: The Role of the Internet. Policy Studies Series #18. Washington DC: East West Center. ISBN 978-1-932728-35-4. ISSN 1547-1330.

Lim, M (2006). “Cyber-Urban Activism and Political Change in Indonesia”. Eastbound Journal 2006 (1): 1–19.

Lim, M (2006). “Lost in Transition: The Internet and Reformasi in Indonesia”. In Jodi Dean, Jon Anderson and Geert Lovink. Reformatting Politics: Networked Communications and Global Civil Society. London: Routledge. pp. 85–106.

Lim, M. (2008), “Bundling Meta-Narratives on the Internet: Conflict in Maluku” in Shyam Tekwani (ed.), Media and Conflict in Asia, Marshall Cavendish Academic.

Lim, M. (2009) “Muslim Voices in the Blogosphere: Mosaics of Local-Global Discourses” in Gerard Goggin and Mark McLelland [eds.], Internationalizing Internet: Beyond Anglophone Paradigm, London: Routledge, p. 178-195.

Lim, M. (2011). Democratised/Corporatised: Contesting Media in the Post-Authoritarian Indonesia, in Puddephatt, A. et al., A New Frontier, An Old Landscape, Global Partners & Associates, pp. 156-181.

Lim, M. (2012). Life is Local in the Imagined Global Community: Islam and Politics in the Indonesian Blogosphere, Journal of Media and Religion, Vol. 11(2).

Lim, M. (2013). Many Clicks but Little Sticks: Social Media Activism in Indonesia. Journal of Contemporary Asia, (ahead-of-print), 1-22.

Lim, M. and Kann, M. (2008), “Politics: Deliberation, Mobilization and Networked Practices of Agitation” in K. Varnelis (ed.) Networked Publics, Cambridge: MIT Press, p. 77-107.

Lim, M., Nugroho, Y. 2011 “Introduction to the Special Issue on Social Implications of the ICTs in the Indonesian Context.” Internetworking Indonesia Journal 3, no. 2: 1-3.

Madu, L. Voice over Internet Protocol (V 0IP)’Merdeka’, Negara, dan Demokratisasi di Indonesia. ILMU KOMUNIKASI, 21.

Menayang, V., Nugroho, B., & Listiorini, D. (2002). Indonesia’s Underground Press The Media as Social Movements. International Communication Gazette, 64(2), 141-155.

Muliana, A. C. (2008). Online journalism in Indonesia.

Nugroho, Y. (2008). Adoption of the Internet in Rural NGOs in Indonesia-A Study on Internet Appropriation for Rural Sector Reform. Brooks World Poverty Institute Working Paper, (21).

Nugroho, Y. (2008). Rural sector reform and internet adoption in NGOs: The case of Indonesia (No. 536). Manchester Business School Working Paper.

Nugroho, Y. (2010). NGOs, the Internet and sustainable rural development: The case of Indonesia. Information, Communication & Society, 13(1), 88-120.

Nugroho, Y. (2011). Citizens in @action: Collaboration, participatory democracy and freedom of information – Mapping contemporary civic activism and the use of new social media in Indonesia.  HIVOS and Manchester Business School, Manchester.

Nugroho, Y. (2011). Opening the black box: The adoption of innovations in the voluntary sector—The case of Indonesian civil society organisations. Research Policy, 40(5), 761-777.

Nugroho, Y. (2012). Localising the global, globalising the local: The role of the Internet in shaping globalisation discourse in Indonesian NGOs. Journal of International Development, 24(3), 341-368.

Nugroho, J. 2012. Clicktivism and the real world. Social media tools are only effective if they can engage people off-line. http://insideindonesia.org/current-edition/clicktivism-and-the-real-world

Nugroho, Y., Putri, D.A., Laksmi, S., 2012. Mapping the landscape of the media industry in contemporary Indonesia. Jakarta: Centre for Innovation Policy and Governance.

Nugroho, Y., & Syarief, S. S. (2012). Beyond click-activism? New media and political processes in contemporary Indonesia. Jakarta: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung.

Nurhadryani, Y., Maslow, S., & Yamamoto, H. (2009). ‘Democracy 1.0’ Meets ‘Web 2.0’: E-Campaigning and the Role of ICTs in Indonesia’s Political Reform Process since 1998. Interdisciplinary Information Sciences, 15(2), 211-222.

Ramli, R. (2012). Youth Political Participation in Asia: Outlooks in Malaysia and Indonesia. Panorama: Insights into Asian and European Affairs is a series of occasional papers published by the Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung’s “Regional Programme Political Dialogue Asia/Singapore”.

Randall, J. (1996). Of cracks and crackdowns: five translations of recent Internet postings. Indonesia, (62), 37-51.

Rinaldo, R. (2011). Muslim Women, Moral Visions: Globalization and Gender Controversies in Indonesia. Qualitative sociology, 34(4), 539-560.

Since 1998, Indonesia’s democratization has produced contentious public debates, many of which revolve around issues of gender and sexual morality. Yet such controversies not only often focus on women, but also involve women as participants. This article examines how Muslim women activists in two organizations adapt global discourses to participate in important public sphere debates about pornography and polygamy. Indonesia’s moral debates demonstrate an important way in which global discourses are negotiated in national settings. In the debates, some pious women use discourses of feminism and liberal Islam to argue for women’s equality, while others use Islam to call for greater moral regulation of society. My research demonstrates that global discourses of feminism and Islamic revivalism are mediated through national organizations which shape women’s political activism and channel it in different directions. Women’s political subjectivities are thus shaped through their involvement in national organizations that structure the ways they engage with global discourses. The Indonesian case shows not only that the national should not be conflated with the local, but also demonstrates the significance of national contexts and histories for understanding global processes.

Sen, K. (2003). Radio days: media-politics in Indonesia. The Pacific Review, 16(4), 573-589.

Sen, K. and D.T. Hill (eds), Politics and the media in twenty-first century Indonesia: a decade of democracy. London and New York: Routledge

Setiyono, B., & McLeod, R. H. (2010). Civil society organisations’ contribution to the anti-corruption movement in Indonesia. Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, 46(3), 347-370.

Swestin, G. (2009). When Media and Politics Collide: The involvement of Indonesian media practitioners in politics in the wake of democracy. Scriptura, 2(2), 106-116.

Siregar, A. E. (2002). Indonesia: democracy, economic development and the media. Seoul: FIPP.

Thajib, F., & Crosby, A. (2010). Can Open Mean Terbuka? Negotiating Licenses for Indonesian Video Activism.

Weiss, M. L. (2011, September). New media, new activism: Trends and trajectories in Malaysia, Singapore, and Indonesia. In Draft of a paper prepared for the workshop: Asia’s Civil Spheres: New Media, Urban Public Space, Social Movements. Singapore: Asia Research Institute.

Wong, L. (2001). The Internet and social change in Asia. Peace Review, 13(3), 381-387.

Zubir, M. (2005). Exchange of ‘cyberfire’ during the Malaysia-Indonesia Ambalat Dispute: A lesson for the future. Centre for Maritime Security and Diplomacy, MIMA.

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